As one of the most famous sites to see when visiting Beijing in China, the Forbidden Cityis a place that would transport just about anyone into the past. It has been named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 due to its incomparable beauty, and as the structure and the overall uniqueness of the palace is considered as a major part in history, it has been ensured that the establishment would be well-preserved in the years to come.
Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven refers to an imperial complex mainly of religious structures located in the southeastern region of central Beijing. The Emperors of Qing and Ming dynasties visited the complex where they conducted annual prayers to the Heavens for the abundant harvests. It is termed to as a Taoist temple.
Two encircling walls into the interior and towards the exterior parts divide the Temple of Heaven. Its primary structures are built towards the north and south ends of the central axis of the inner region. From the south towards the north, Huangiutan or the Circular Mound Altar, the Imperial Vault of Heaven also called Huangqiongyu and Qiniandian which was the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest are the most magnificent buildings in the Temple of Heaven. This is definitely a place one would enjoy visiting with their families and friends.
The creation of the Summer Palace came about through the Jin Dynasty emperor Wányán Liàng and the moving of his capital to the area. Since this time, around the mid-1100s, various buildings and gardens have been created with Longevity Hill receiving its name from the Qianlong Emperor who commissioned work on the imperial gardens that sit on the hill in 1749 to commemorate his mother’s 60th birthday.
The area is now a public park, having been opened as such in 1924, and continues to attract an abundance of visitors both from China and the rest of the world.
A number of impressive buildings make up the Summer Palace with many sat on Longevity Hill;Buddhist Virtue Temple . Sea of Wisdom Temple and Dispelling Cloud Hall are just a few. This Palace is divided into three different areas, each consisting of its own individual function. These functions include political and administrative activities, residences, and recreation and sightseeing, making its huge scale more manageable for those who come to the site.
The Summer Palace claimed UNESCO World Heritage List status in 1998 with its masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design being one of the features to be highly praised by the United Nations. The stark contrast of the imperial gardens with its incredible aspects of natural wonder juxtaposed with some amazing feats of engineering and manmade features make it a place of ‘outstanding aesthetic value’ that will continue to attract many visitors for years to come.
Having been first built in 1750 and suffered immense damage as a result of the war in 1860, the gardens also support a contrast of complete peace and tranquillity as well as a memory of conflict and less prosperous times. For these reasons, the Summer Palace with its Longevity Hill is a fantastic place to visit during a stay in China, whether as part of a tour or by yourself.