China is one of the top rising nations in the world, and it is also the home for some cultures. China is also the home for various architectural sites, and also the food here are world famous. China has its very old history of about 5000 years, and the ancient civilizations here are considered as one of the best and old in the world. China is also a famous tourist spot in the world, and furthermore, there are many wonders, historical sites, cuisines and especially the Great Wall of China which is one among the Seven Wonders of the World.
Beijing Capital International airport was inaugurated in 1958 and is the main international airport in Beijing, China. It is operated by Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited. It serves as a hub for China Southern Airlines, Air China, and Hainan Airlines. It has three terminals and serves some airlines operating fleets to different global destinations.
The Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK) has rapidly raised the ranks in recent years to become the busiest airport in Asia (regarding passenger activity) and is currently the third busiest in the entire world and showing no signs of stopping there. The greater traffic and success of PEK has spurred the development of an incredibly large Terminal 3 expansion in 2008, which is the second largest aviation terminal in the world (smaller than the Dubai International flight Terminal 3), and is also the third largest tower in the world (measured by area).
According to the ‘Cond Nast Traveler’ magazine, PEK is ranked the World’s Best Airport for the year 2009 due to several factors, including overall cleanliness, the efficiency of security, and ease of reading signage, handling luggage, and overall satisfaction. After opening in 1958, PEK was merely a single terminal building (still in use in today’s PEK, actually) that was used to charter very important commercial flights. After adding another larger (yet still relatively small) terminal in 1980, PEK officials decided to close down the new addition for renovations to meet the growing 20th-century travel demands. In 1999 a new Terminal 2 was introduced to mark the 50th anniversary of the PRC (People’s Republic of China), followed by the addition of a new Terminal 1 in 2004 that further opened up avenues for international travel.
The big Terminal 3 expansion was initially constructed to coincide with the Beijing Olympics of 2008, and at the time PEK’s Terminal 3 was the largest structure ever made by man in the entire world (it is now third on that list as of 2010). In between the expansion of Terminal 3 and the publicity gained during the Beijing Olympic Games of 2008, PEK has taken over Tokyo International Airport (HND) as the continent of Asia’s busiest.
The Chinese make excellent tourists, and since generally they are smaller people, more of them can fit into each airliner. Typically a 747 filled with Chinese people will have a good 20% more individuals on the plane, than a 747 filled with overweight Americans. Although this might sound pretty funny, it is an important consideration and it means the airlines that cater to the Chinese traveling tourists will make more money. This is something that the Japanese airlines learned a long time ago.
Of course, as Beijing airport expands it will be a hub for airliners traveling halfway around the globe, which just happens to be where the United States of America is. And it is expected that of the 96% of all Chinese who’ve never stamp their passports that by 2020 over 30% of them will have flown outside of the Chinese borders. Eventually, as China grows up, ditches some of its older communist roots which are not serving it very well in its capital markets and economic expansion, we can expect travel both ways to increase immensely.
The Chinese are already expecting this, and they are expanding regional airports and their major airports outside of Beijing and Shanghai. China is also building its regional jet airliner, which will compete against Boeing, Airbus, and other airliner manufacturers around the world. The aviation industry, tourism, and the airport in Beijing are all about to take off.